Sport climbing is a form of rock climbing that relies on permanent anchors fixed to the rock, and possibly bolts, for protection, (in contrast with traditional climbing, where the rock is typically devoid of fixed anchors and bolts, and where climbers must place removable protection as they climb). Since the need to place protection is virtually eliminated, sport climbing places an emphasis on gymnastic-like ability, strength, and endurance – as opposed to the adventure, risk and self-sufficiency which characterize traditional climbing. Since artificial means are used primarily for safety rather than to make upward progress, sport climbing is considered a form of free climbing. (http://climbingschool.org)
The sport climbing became popular in the last 25 years in Bulgaria. Since 90’s were developed many new crags, spread out all over the country side with many new demanding routes. Thanks to the effort and enthusiasm of numerous climbers and the support of Bulgarian Climbing and Mountaineering Federation this sport is getting more popular among the new generation practicing it in safety way on well bolted routes. Almost every year had been developing new crags and the most popular are growing steadily.
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